Audubon Birds - Rich Breiman Collection - Curated by Katharine Griswold

0 of 0

0 of 0

Click here to enter exhibit

Dot story


Image Title -


Step 0 of 0

e389 |

1

E389 - Audubon Birds - i17861
E389 - Audubon Birds - i17861

2

American Swan - i17863
American Swan - i17863

3

Black-billed Cuckoo - i18491
Black-billed Cuckoo - i18491

4

Brown Pelican - i17901
Brown Pelican - i17901

5

Canvass Back Duck - i17878
Canvass Back Duck - i17878

6

Canada Goose - i17898
Canada Goose - i17898

7

Common Mocking Bird - i17872
Common Mocking Bird - i17872

8

Fork-Tailed Flycatcher - i17882
Fork-Tailed Flycatcher - i17882

9

Golden Eagle - i17867
Golden Eagle - i17867

10

Great American White Egret - i17871
Great American White Egret - i17871

11

Iceland or Gyr Falcon - i17874
Iceland or Gyr Falcon - i17874

12

Long-billed Curlew - i17895
Long-billed Curlew - i17895

13

Red-Breasted Merganser - i17870
Red-Breasted Merganser - i17870

14

Mango Hummingbird - i17873
Mango Hummingbird - i17873

15

Reddish Egret - i17875
Reddish Egret - i17875

16

Ruffed Grouse - i17887
Ruffed Grouse - i17887

17

Trumpeter Swan (Adult) - i17900
Trumpeter Swan (Adult) - i17900

18

Whooping Crane - i17869
Whooping Crane - i17869

19

Yellow-billed Cuckoo - i18490
Yellow-billed Cuckoo - i18490

20

Yellow-Crowned Night Heron - i17865
Yellow-Crowned Night Heron - i17865

21

E389 - Audubon Birds - i17862
E389 - Audubon Birds - i17862

22

Caracara Eagle - i17864
Caracara Eagle - i17864

23

Harlan's Buzzard - i17866
Harlan's Buzzard - i17866

24

Bald Eagle - i17868
Bald Eagle - i17868

25

Red-cockaded Woodpecker - i17876
Red-cockaded Woodpecker - i17876

26

Buff-breasted Meganter-Goosander - i17877
Buff-breasted Meganter-Goosander - i17877

27

Rocky Mountain Flycatcher (Swamp-Oak Duercus Aquatica) - i17879
Rocky Mountain Flycatcher (Swamp-Oak Duercus Aquatica) - i17879

28

Purple Martin - i17880
Purple Martin - i17880

29

Blackburnian Wood-Warbler - i17881
Blackburnian Wood-Warbler - i17881

30

Golden-Winged Woodpecker - i17883
Golden-Winged Woodpecker - i17883

31

Red-Shafted Woodpecker - i17884
Red-Shafted Woodpecker - i17884

32

Sora Rail - i17885
Sora Rail - i17885

33

Yellow-Breasted Rail - i17886
Yellow-Breasted Rail - i17886

34

Pinnated Grouse - i17888
Pinnated Grouse - i17888

35

American Oyster-Catcher - i17890
American Oyster-Catcher - i17890

36

Hudsonian Godwit - i17892
Hudsonian Godwit - i17892

37

Semipalmated Snipe Willet or Stone Curlew - i17893
Semipalmated Snipe Willet or Stone Curlew - i17893

38

American Avocet - i17894
American Avocet - i17894

39

Least Bittern - i17897
Least Bittern - i17897

40

Trumpeter Swan (Young) 1 - i17899
Trumpeter Swan (Young) 1 - i17899

41

Common or Arctic Puffin - i17902
Common or Arctic Puffin - i17902

42

Great North Diver-Loon - i17903
Great North Diver-Loon - i17903

43

Black-throated Diver - i17905
Black-throated Diver - i17905

44

Red-Throated Diver - i17906
Red-Throated Diver - i17906

45

Key-West Dove - i17907
Key-West Dove - i17907

46

American Swan - i17908
American Swan - i17908

47

Canada Grouse - i18498
Canada Grouse - i18498

48

American Bittern - i18499
American Bittern - i18499

49

Duskey Duck - i18493
Duskey Duck - i18493

50

Trumpeter Swan (Young) 2 - i18494
Trumpeter Swan (Young) 2 - i18494

51

Great American White Egret - i18495
Great American White Egret - i18495

52

Golden Eagle * - i18496
Golden Eagle * - i18496

53

Red-shafted Woodpecker - i18497
Red-shafted Woodpecker - i18497

54

Red-Breasted Rail, or Freshwater Marsh Hen - i18483
Red-Breasted Rail, or Freshwater Marsh Hen - i18483

55

Virginian Rail - i18484
Virginian Rail - i18484

56

Scolopaceous Courlan - i18485
Scolopaceous Courlan - i18485

57

Wilson's Plover - i18486
Wilson's Plover - i18486

58

American Oyster-Catcher - i18487
American Oyster-Catcher - i18487

59

American Coot - i18479
American Coot - i18479

60

Blueheaded Ground Dove or Pigeon - i18480
Blueheaded Ground Dove or Pigeon - i18480

61

Yellow-Breasted Rail - i18481
Yellow-Breasted Rail - i18481

62

Least Water-Rail - i18482
Least Water-Rail - i18482

63

Red-Throated Diver - i18488
Red-Throated Diver - i18488

64

Black-throated Diver - i18489
Black-throated Diver - i18489

65

Golden Eye Duck - i18492
Golden Eye Duck - i18492

66

Missouri Meadow Lark - i18472
Missouri Meadow Lark - i18472

67

Common Scaup Duck - i18474
Common Scaup Duck - i18474

68

Pinnated Grouse - i18475
Pinnated Grouse - i18475

69

King Duck - i18476
King Duck - i18476

70

Washington Sea Eagle - i18477
Washington Sea Eagle - i18477

71

Purple Gallinule - i18478
Purple Gallinule - i18478

72

The Texan Turtle-Dove - i18473
The Texan Turtle-Dove - i18473

73

E389 - Black-Throated Guillemot - i18460
E389 - Black-Throated Guillemot - i18460

74

Horn-Billed Guillemot - i18461
Horn-Billed Guillemot - i18461

75

Large-Billed Guillemot - i18462
Large-Billed Guillemot - i18462

76

Foolish Guillemot-Murre - i18463
Foolish Guillemot-Murre - i18463

77

Black Guillemot - i18464
Black Guillemot - i18464

78

Red-Necked Grebe - i18465
Red-Necked Grebe - i18465

79

Horned Grebe - i18466
Horned Grebe - i18466

80

Eared Grebe - i18467
Eared Grebe - i18467

81

Harris' Finch - i18468
Harris' Finch - i18468

82

Bell's Vireo - i18469
Bell's Vireo - i18469

83

Smith's Lark Bunting - i18470
Smith's Lark Bunting - i18470

84

Le Contis Sharp-Tailed Bunting - i18471
Le Contis Sharp-Tailed Bunting - i18471

85

Audubon Society Logo
Audubon Society Logo
Image 1 of 85 | e389 | i15386 | 10672x8330px E389 - Audubon Birds - i17861

ct

0
Image 2 of 85 | e389 | i15388 | 11008x7134px American Swan - i17863

The American Swan, now called the Tundra Swan or the Whistling Swan, is common to more northern, coastal regions of the North America.

 

Audubon's Field Guide

Audubon Society Field Guide

0
Image 3 of 85 | e389 | i16962 | 10406x6741px Black-billed Cuckoo - i18491

The black-billed cuckoo is common in the northern United States, but seldom seen in the South. Audubon, while living in Louisiana, therefore thought it as a rare and special treat to see a black-billed cuckoo, so he posed these specimens on a magnolia branch.

The black-billed cuckoo is similar to its yellow-billed cousin, but while the species are often conflated, they are strikingly different in diet and habitat. While the yellow-billed cuckoo feeds on insects and fruit, the black-billed cuckoo primarily eats shellfish and other aquatic larvae, so it is more often seen on the ground near the water. In this print, one of the cuckoos reaches downwards towards a small insect, mirroring his observations of the birds doing the same on branches above water, diving to catch aquatic bugs.

0
Image 4 of 85 | e389 | i15423 | 10824x7156px Brown Pelican - i17901

With a large and distinct appearance, the brown pelican is one of the most recognizable American birds. They have huge beaks with expandable pouches that they use to catch fish, which they dive for from up to 60 feet above ocean waters.

0
Image 5 of 85 | e389 | i15403 | 11044x7038px Canvass Back Duck - i17878

Canvas-backs are a large species of diving duck that migrates seasonally from the south Atlantic coast, where it spends its winters, to the northwestern United States and even as far up as Canada from spring to fall.

In Audubon’s time, the canvas-back duck was incredibly common and often hunted, made easier to shoot because they travel in large packs. In his notes is mentioned the duck’s unique “disposition to examine rarities,” which hunters would also make use of; at hearing an unidentified sound or distinct color, they would consistently take off in flight towards the source of the mystery. 

This print depicts a group of canvas-backs in front of a port in Baltimore, Maryland. The male on the left reaches towards some wild celery, which is an aquatic plant known to be a favorite of the species. In fact, the specific name of the canvass-back duck, aythya valisinera, is named after the plant: valisnera americana is the specific name of wild celery.

0
Image 6 of 85 | e389 | i15420 | 7253x10872px Canada Goose - i17898

ct

0
Image 7 of 85 | e389 | i15397 | 7102x11040px Common Mocking Bird - i17872

"Different species of snakes ascend to their nests, and generally suck the eggs or swallow the young; but on all such occasions, not only the pair to which the nest belongs, but many other Mocking-birds from the vicinity, fly to the spot, attack the reptiles, and, in some cases, are so fortunate as either to force them to retreat, or deprive them of life." - Audubon Field Notes

Extremely common in the southern United States and Mexico, the Northern Mockingbird is known for its aggressive attitude and impressive vocal range. This bird is capable and willing to loudly imitate any sound familiar to them, for example, dog barks and car alarms.

0
Image 8 of 85 | e389 | i15407 | 7200x11006px Fork-Tailed Flycatcher - i17882

ct

0
Image 9 of 85 | e389 | i15392 | 7180x11006px Golden Eagle - i17867

The Golden Eagle is a bird with a great eye and incredible hunting skills. Rare visitors to the eastern United States, where Audubon was bird-hunting, these birds generally make their permanent residence on the west coast. It makes sense, then that Audubon remarks on their rarity in his field notes. 

Audubon's Field Notes

Audubon Society Field Notes

0
Image 10 of 85 | e389 | i15396 | 10992x7132px Great American White Egret - i17871

ct

0
Image 11 of 85 | e389 | i15399 | 7042x10624px Iceland or Gyr Falcon - i17874

The gyrfalcon is the largest species of falcon in the world. 

0
Image 12 of 85 | e389 | i15418 | 10753x7094px Long-billed Curlew - i17895

ct

0
Image 13 of 85 | e389 | i15395 | 11028x7120px Red-Breasted Merganser - i17870

The Red-Breasted Merganser is a species of diving duck. Commonly seen on saltwater coasts, this bird spends most of its day diving for fish and other marine snacks; in his field notes, Audubon describes the bird as "gluttonous to the extreme."

All About Birds: Red-Breasted Merganser

Audubon Field Guide

Audubon Society Field Guide

0
Image 14 of 85 | e389 | i15398 | 7138x11010px Mango Hummingbird - i17873

The Mango Hummingbird, or the green-breasted mango, lives in American tropics: Audubon observed them in the Florida Keys. 

Audubon's Field Notes

Audubon Society Field Notes

0
Image 15 of 85 | e389 | i15400 | 10992x7178px Reddish Egret - i17875

ct

0
Image 16 of 85 | e389 | i15412 | 10946x7204px Ruffed Grouse - i17887

ct

0
Image 17 of 85 | e389 | i15422 | 10980x7096px Trumpeter Swan (Adult) - i17900

ct

0
Image 18 of 85 | e389 | i15394 | 6653x10513px Whooping Crane - i17869

The Whooping Crane is a large, beautiful bird, possessing skilled vision and hearing, as well as powerful flight. 

Audubon actually owned one of these birds and observed its behavior in captivity. It had a damaged wing, seemingly unable to live on its own.

Human settlement in the States has caused the endangerment of this once relatively common bird. They were once at the precipice of extinction, but conservation efforts have done much to improve their population.

0
Image 19 of 85 | e389 | i16961 | 10444x6776px Yellow-billed Cuckoo - i18490

ct

0
Image 20 of 85 | e389 | i15390 | 7170x11020px Yellow-Crowned Night Heron - i17865

The Yellow-Crowned Night Heron is an elusive but relatively common bird. The herons live year-round on the Florida coast but having a much more expansive range in summer, where they can be seen inland throughout the southwestern U.S.

 

Audubon's Field Notes

Audubon Society Field Notes

0
Image 21 of 85 | e389 | i15387 | 7152x11266px E389 - Audubon Birds - i17862

ct

0
Image 22 of 85 | e389 | i15389 | 7004x10944px Caracara Eagle - i17864

Uncommon to the States― found in and around coastal Texas or wet Florida prairies―Caracara Eagle, typically called the Crested Caracara, was a special find for Audubon. 

Owing to its hunting habits, flying over open plains, the Caracara Eagle is depicted here in the sky, without a background. 

 

Audubon's Field Guide

Audubon Society Field Guide

0
Image 23 of 85 | e389 | i15391 | 6910x10910px Harlan's Buzzard - i17866

This species: the Harlan's Buzzard, appears to be unique to the octavo edition of "Birds of America."

0
Image 24 of 85 | e389 | i15393 | 10862x6952px Bald Eagle - i17868

Called the White-Headed Sea Eagle owing to its feeding habits, this bird is most commonly known as the Bald Eagle. Like most eagles, it is both a powerful hunter and a dedicated scavenger; in general, it feeds on fish. Distinct for its white head, this North American native can be found throughout the continent.

0
Image 25 of 85 | e389 | i15401 | 7360x11304px Red-cockaded Woodpecker - i17876

ct

0
Image 26 of 85 | e389 | i15402 | 10982x7180px Buff-breasted Meganter-Goosander - i17877

ct

0
Image 27 of 85 | e389 | i15404 | 7038x10992px Rocky Mountain Flycatcher (Swamp-Oak Duercus Aquatica) - i17879

ct

0
Image 28 of 85 | e389 | i15405 | 7010x11008px Purple Martin - i17880

ct

0
Image 29 of 85 | e389 | i15406 | 6896x10850px Blackburnian Wood-Warbler - i17881

ct

0
Image 30 of 85 | e389 | i15408 | 6910x10776px Golden-Winged Woodpecker - i17883

ct

0
Image 31 of 85 | e389 | i15409 | 6894x10770px Red-Shafted Woodpecker - i17884

ct

0
Image 32 of 85 | e389 | i15410 | 10606x6916px Sora Rail - i17885

ct

0
Image 33 of 85 | e389 | i15411 | 10550x6926px Yellow-Breasted Rail - i17886

ct

0
Image 34 of 85 | e389 | i15413 | 10840x7252px Pinnated Grouse - i17888

ct

0
Image 35 of 85 | e389 | i15414 | 11162x7058px American Oyster-Catcher - i17890

ct

0
Image 36 of 85 | e389 | i15415 | 10884x7154px Hudsonian Godwit - i17892

ct

0
Image 37 of 85 | e389 | i15416 | 10812x7166px Semipalmated Snipe Willet or Stone Curlew - i17893

ct

0
Image 38 of 85 | e389 | i15417 | 11090x7072px American Avocet - i17894

ct

0
Image 39 of 85 | e389 | i15419 | 10814x7264px Least Bittern - i17897

ct

0
Image 40 of 85 | e389 | i15421 | 10814x7240px Trumpeter Swan (Young) 1 - i17899

ct

0
Image 41 of 85 | e389 | i15424 | 10786x7142px Common or Arctic Puffin - i17902

ct

0
Image 42 of 85 | e389 | i15425 | 10764x7132px Great North Diver-Loon - i17903

ct

0
Image 43 of 85 | e389 | i15426 | 10840x7156px Black-throated Diver - i17905

ct

0
Image 44 of 85 | e389 | i15427 | 10828x7160px Red-Throated Diver - i17906

ct

0
Image 45 of 85 | e389 | i15428 | 10778x7170px Key-West Dove - i17907

ct

0
Image 46 of 85 | e389 | i15429 | 10840x7062px American Swan - i17908

ct

0
Image 47 of 85 | e389 | i16969 | 10468x6750px Canada Grouse - i18498

ct

0
Image 48 of 85 | e389 | i16970 | 10480x6776px American Bittern - i18499

ct

0
Image 49 of 85 | e389 | i16964 | 10310x6476px Duskey Duck - i18493

ct

0
Image 50 of 85 | e389 | i16965 | 10300x6484px Trumpeter Swan (Young) 2 - i18494

ct

0
Image 51 of 85 | e389 | i16966 | 10206x6604px Great American White Egret - i18495

ct

0
Image 52 of 85 | e389 | i16967 | 6768x10418px Golden Eagle * - i18496

ct

0
Image 53 of 85 | e389 | i16968 | 6723x10432px Red-shafted Woodpecker - i18497

ct

0
Image 54 of 85 | e389 | i16954 | 10586x6914px Red-Breasted Rail, or Freshwater Marsh Hen - i18483

ct

0
Image 55 of 85 | e389 | i16955 | 10598x6894px Virginian Rail - i18484

ct

0
Image 56 of 85 | e389 | i16956 | 10586x6930px Scolopaceous Courlan - i18485

ct

0
Image 57 of 85 | e389 | i16957 | 10600x6884px Wilson's Plover - i18486

ct

0
Image 58 of 85 | e389 | i16958 | 10613x6822px American Oyster-Catcher - i18487

ct

0
Image 59 of 85 | e389 | i16950 | 10614x6976px American Coot - i18479

ct

0
Image 60 of 85 | e389 | i16951 | 10420x6776px Blueheaded Ground Dove or Pigeon - i18480

ct

0
Image 61 of 85 | e389 | i16952 | 10602x6892px Yellow-Breasted Rail - i18481

ct

0
Image 62 of 85 | e389 | i16953 | 10602x6894px Least Water-Rail - i18482

ct

0
Image 63 of 85 | e389 | i16959 | 10348x6496px Red-Throated Diver - i18488

ct

0
Image 64 of 85 | e389 | i16960 | 10324x6534px Black-throated Diver - i18489

ct

0
Image 65 of 85 | e389 | i16963 | 10300x6482px Golden Eye Duck - i18492

ct

0
Image 66 of 85 | e389 | i16943 | 6932x10528px Missouri Meadow Lark - i18472

ct

0
Image 67 of 85 | e389 | i16945 | 10490x6890px Common Scaup Duck - i18474

ct

0
Image 68 of 85 | e389 | i16946 | 10782x7244px Pinnated Grouse - i18475

ct

0
Image 69 of 85 | e389 | i16947 | 10974x7256px King Duck - i18476

ct

0
Image 70 of 85 | e389 | i16948 | 7026x10626px Washington Sea Eagle - i18477

The Bird of Washington is one of the more interesting pieces of Audubon's work, and this is partially because, as it turns out, this is not a real species of bird. The birds that Audubon called birds of Washington were really just immature bald eagles. 

There's more to it than that, though. Audubon almost certainly plagiarized the piece: it is suspiciously similar to drawings of the golden eagle that had been published in 1802, decades before "Birds of America" was published.

Audubon's Bird of Washington: unravelling the fraud that launched the Birds of America

0
Image 71 of 85 | e389 | i16949 | 10598x6884px Purple Gallinule - i18478

ct

0
Image 72 of 85 | e389 | i16944 | 6850x10526px The Texan Turtle-Dove - i18473

ct

0
Image 73 of 85 | e389 | i16931 | 10537x6955px E389 - Black-Throated Guillemot - i18460

Hand-painted in the first octavo, or miniature edition of "Birds of America," this print depicts two black-throated guillemots. 

The name black-throated guillemot is not used outside "Birds of America;" in more recently published editions of the text, the birds are identified actually as two distinct species: the 'adult' being the ancient murrelet, and the 'young' being the marbled murrelet.

The same drawings appear in the original, alongside drawings of several other birds, named by Audubon the nobbed-billed auk, curled-crested auk, and horned-billed guillemot.

0
Image 74 of 85 | e389 | i16932 | 10564x6954px Horn-Billed Guillemot - i18461

From the octavo edition of "Birds of Ameria," this is a depiction of the horn-billed guillemot.

This species is now commonly called the rhinocerous auklet.

This depiction of the horned-billed guillemot, in the original "Birds of America," would have appeared alongside the black-throated guillemot of the previous plate.

0
Image 75 of 85 | e389 | i16933 | 10552x6964px Large-Billed Guillemot - i18462

Thick-billed murre

0
Image 76 of 85 | e389 | i16934 | 10540x6940px Foolish Guillemot-Murre - i18463

ct

0
Image 77 of 85 | e389 | i16935 | 10550x6954px Black Guillemot - i18464

ct

0
Image 78 of 85 | e389 | i16936 | 10538x6940px Red-Necked Grebe - i18465

ct

0
Image 79 of 85 | e389 | i16937 | 10562x6928px Horned Grebe - i18466

ct

0
Image 80 of 85 | e389 | i16938 | 10516x6972px Eared Grebe - i18467

ct

0
Image 81 of 85 | e389 | i16939 | 6827x10528px Harris' Finch - i18468

ct

0